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Relay - 1 August 2011

In this edition: With the Rugby World Cup just six weeks away, the impact of the competition is in sharp focus. A Massey University economist argues in the High Performance Sport section that the benefits are improvements to infrastructure, transport links and new networks that come with a major sporting event.

Other highlights:

  • Sport Science and Coaching: An examination of the growing professionalism and business opportunities in coaching, along with discussion about the influence of coaches as role models in discouraging high performance athlete doping;
  • Active Communities: Research into lifejacket use shows too few children are wearing them in New Zealand;
  • Young People: sports administrators, coaches and teachers will want to check out a newly published Coaching Children Curriculum from the UK.


High Performance Sport

Forget magic figures for Rugby World Cup, says researcher – 21 Jul 2011
Attempts to measure the success of the Rugby World Cup in dollar terms could be missing the point, according to a Massey University economics lecturer. Dr Sam Richardson says the real value will be in the improved stadiums, better transport links and new networks that come with hosting an international sporting event. (Massey University)

Aspiring officials set sights on RWC 2015 – 8 Jun 2011
While the world’s top match officials are finalising their preparations for Rugby World Cup 2011, the next generation has assembled in Italy to begin the journey towards Rugby World Cup 2015. The IRB Junior World Championship 2011, which brings together the best Under 20 players from 12 national teams, will deliver the development platform for up and coming referees and assistant referees. (International Rugby Board)
Report on the 2010 GE Edinburgh ITU World Duathlon Championships – 3 Sep 2010
This eventIMPACTS report on the World Duathlon Championships 2010 has been produced by EventScotland on behalf of the partners involved in the event. The purpose is to enable the events industry to better understand and harness the benefits created by major sporting and cultural events and assess their long term benefits. The model reports on five different areas of event impact: attendance, economic impact, environmental, social and media. (eventIMPACTS)

FIFA Women’s World Cup Germany 2011 sets new TV viewing records – 20 Jul 2011
The FIFA Women’s World Cup Germany 2011 has set a new benchmark after viewers around the world tuned in en masse and smashed several TV audience records. This was particularly notable in the host nation Germany, the defending champions twice over, as well as in the countries of the two finalists, the USA and Japan. (

Tokyo confirms bid for 2020 Olympic Games – 18 Jul 2011
The Japanese capital of Tokyo has officially entered the race to host the 2020 Olympics with the country’s National Olympic Committee saying the bid could drive recovery efforts following the devastating earthquake and tsunami earlier this year. (SportBusiness)

London 2012 completes fifth venue in Olympic Park – 14 Jul 2011
London 2012 has moved one step closer with the announcement that construction work has been completed on the International Broadcast Centre – the fifth new venue to be completed in the Olympic Park. The 275 metre-long building will form part of the Main Media Complex, which will cater for over 20,000 broadcasters, photographers and journalists during the Games, who will help bring London 2012 to billions of people around the world. (Olympic Movement)

London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games expenditure and economic impact – 12 Jul 2011
During the seven week period from the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games to the Closing Ceremony of the Paralympic Games, the UK is set to benefit from a £750 million consumer spending injection. This intense positive impact on the economy will largely be generated by the massive influx of foreign visitors to the UK for the Games. (Docuticker)

Auckland starts spruce-up for RWC 2011 – 12 Jul 2011 
Auckland will look its best come the start of Rugby World Cup 2011, thanks to the city's Town Centre Tidy-up initiative. People in 39 town centres from Wellsford to Pukekohe will be rolling up their sleeves in the next few weeks to tidy up their main streets in time for the Tournament's kick-off on 9 September. (Auckland 2011)

New flexible sports venue for China – 15 Jul 2011
The Shanghai Oriental Sports Centre opened for the 14th FINA World Swimming Championships from 16th to 31st July 2011. It consists of a hall stadium for several sports and cultural events, a natatorium (swimming hall), an outdoor swimming pool and a media centre. (World Architecture News)

Sports Development

Equestrian Sports New Zealand Growth Plan 2011-2014 – June 2011
ESNZ Chief Executive, Jim Ellis launched ESNZ's new Growth Plan with a presentation to the Discipline Conferences & AGMs.  The primary goal of the growth plan is to make equestrian sport in New Zealand more accessible by reducing barriers to participation. (Equestrian Sports New Zealand)

Education and India – 29 Jun 2011
An important aspect of the state visit to India by Prime Minister John Key included initiatives setting up sports scholarships which will involve the exchange of sports academics, coaches and trainers in addition to young cricketers and other sports persons. A Q&A factsheet is available as a PDF. (Ministry of Education)

Revised European Charter on Women’s Rights in Sports – July 2011
The revised Charter on Women`s Rights in Sport has been presented at the European Parliament in Brussels, Belgium. The document is the culmination of the Olympia: Equal Opportunities Via and Within Sport Project, which aims to strengthen women’s involvement in the practice and administration of sport. The charter can be downloaded from this site. (International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education)

Women’s Sports Foundation statement on regulating women's athletic attire – 11 Jun 2011
Two recent stories regarding women’s uniforms have garnered international attention. Both the Badminton World Federation (BWF) and the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) have attempted to impose questionable regulations on its uniforms for women athletes. This document outlines the Women’s Sports Foundation’s long-standing position on the right to impose uniform restrictions and guidelines. (Women’s Sports Foundation)

World Anti-doping Agency 2010 Annual Report – 21 Jul 2011
WADA has published its 2010 Annual Report and distributed it to stakeholders worldwide. The Annual Report is a key component in WADA’s commitment to transparent and accountable governance as the global organisation that leads the fight against doping in sport. (World Anti-doping Agency)

Athlete support personnel: where do we stand as to anti-doping liability? – July 2011
This article examines the significant influence coaches have on their athletes not only as they help them to develop athletic skills, but also when playing the role of model and advisor. Highlighted are the legal duties of coaches including raising the athlete's awareness of sporting values, ethics and rules compliance, providing the athlete with the appropriate information on the harmful effects of doping, and giving the athlete the skills required to make informed decisions. (SIRC)

Launch of new Health and Safety Guidelines for Employee Volunteering – June 2011
The importance of health and safety in volunteering and the particular issues faced by employee volunteers have led to a new publication, the Employee Volunteering Health and Safety Guidelines, launched by Volunteering New Zealand. The aim of the guidelines is to provide background information, comprehensive checklists and other reference material which can be used by all the parties involved. (Volunteering New Zealand)

How soccer fans use Twitter – 5 Jul 2011
How do people from different parts of the world tweet about sports - and soccer in particular? This question will be explored by researchers at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI), based in QUT's Creative Industries Faculty, when the next A-League season kicks off in Australia in October this year. (Queensland University of Technology)

A profile of spectators at selected Australian sporting events 2009-10 – 27 Jun 2011
This article presents data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009-10 survey of Spectator Attendance at Sporting Events, which collected information about people aged 15 years and over who attended sporting events (excluding junior and school sport) as spectators in the 12 months prior to interview. (Australian Bureau of Statistics)

Big bounce in NBL Basketball crowd numbers – 21 Jul 2011
The Bartercard National Basketball League has experienced a surge in interest this season with eight of the nine franchises recording growth in crowd figures.  Long-time Wellington Saints boss Nick Mills believes the NBL is in the best shape it has ever been. (Basketball New Zealand)

Sport Science, Medicine and Coaching

Coaching: profession, vocation or business opportunity? – July 2011
The demand for sports coaches in schools, commercial and governing body programmes, and the Olympic legacy sector has meant more coaches are getting paid more often. But are they getting more professional? The latest in the series of The Leisure Review coaching insight sessions brought together senior coaching voices to explore the issues. (The Leisure Review)

Extended sleep improves the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players – 1 July 2011
A study published in the journal SLEEP shows that sleep extension is beneficial to athletic performance, reaction time, vigour, fatigue and mood in collegiate basketball players. The study is the first to document sleep extension and the athletic performance of actively competing athletes. (American Academy of Sleep Medicine)

Sports Medicine Australia recommends helmets for ski instructors – 28 Jun 2011
Sports Medicine Australia, the peak body for sports medicine and science, is calling on all major ski resorts to implement a mandatory helmet policy for ski instructors, to improve safety on the ski slopes. It is hoped this compulsory attire will trigger all skiers and snowboarders, especially children, to adopt similar headwear in the hope of reducing the occurrence of head injuries. (Sports Medicine Australia)

Strongman: strength and conditioning practices, and the inter-relationships between strength, anthropometrics and performance – February 2011
The exploratory and experimental studies in this thesis sought to describe the strength and conditioning practices employed by competitors in “strongman” competitions, and to determine the inter-relationships between anthropometrics and maximal iso-inertial strength to strongman performance. (Auckland University of Technology)

Interplay of different contextual motivations and their implications for exercise motivation – June 2011
The aim of this study was to analyse the interaction between different contextual motivations and exercise motivation. The sample consisted of 449 exercisers aged between 16 and 53 years. Questionnaires were used to measure the satisfaction of basic psychological needs, self-determined motivation and the autotelic experience during exercise. The level of self-determined motivation regarding health, leisure and interpersonal relationships was also measured. (Journal of Sports Science and Medicine)

Do static-sport athletes and dynamic-sport athletes differ in their visual focused attention? – June 2011
The goal of this study was to evaluate current attention tests in sport psychology for their practical use in applied sport psychology. Compared to static-sport athletes, dynamic-sport athletes had better visual search scores in the concentration grid task in the condition with auditory distraction. These findings suggest that the results of attention tests should be differentially interpreted if different sport types and different test conditions are considered. (The Sport Journal)

Effects of jump and balance training on knee kinematics and electromyography of female basketball athletes during a single limb drop landing: pre-post intervention study – 14 Jul 2011
Some research studies have investigated the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programmes on knee kinematics during landing tasks. However, the results were different among the studies. Even though tibial rotation is usually observed at the time of ACL injury, the effects of training programmes for knee kinematics in the horizontal plane have not yet been analysed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a jump and balance training programme on knee kinematics including tibial rotation as well as on electromyography of the quadriceps and hamstrings in female athletes. (Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology)

The acute and chronic benefits of movement preparation for the soccer athlete – June/July 2011
This article provides an example of a movement preparatory session and looks at its acute and chronic benefits on the development of the soccer athlete. (National Strength and Conditioning Association)

When warming up for the cycling race, less is more – 16 Jun 2011
New findings challenge conventional wisdom and find shorter warm-ups of lower intensity are better for boosting cycling performance. Researchers at the University of Calgary Human Performance Laboratory in Alberta, Canada have found evidence indicating that less is more. (American Physiological Society)

Active Communities

Get Physical for Mental Well-Being – July 2011
A trial Australian programme encouraging people with a mental illness to get more active has succeeded in getting participants regularly involved in sport. (NSW Sport and Recreation)

Sports participation, perceived neighbourhood safety, and individual cognitions: how do they interact? – 21 July 2011
Little is known about the interaction between individual and environmental determinants of physical activity, although this may be important information for the development of effective interventions. The goal of this paper is to investigate whether perceived neighbourhood safety modifies associations between individual cognitions and sports participation. (International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity)

More people in Nelson and Tasman are about to “Get Moving” – 21 July 2011
SPARC’s Active Communities funding of $300,000 has been confirmed, meaning the Nelson Tasman “Get Moving” project is going ahead. “Get Moving” is a project to get more people walking and cycling and to connect them with local clubs and sports organisations. (Tasman District Council)

British investment to get more disabled people playing sport – 20 July2011
Disability sport has received a boost after Sport England invested £2.8 million to help increase the number of disabled people playing sport and make grassroots sport more inclusive. For the first time Sport England will be directly funding six disability sports organisations, investing £1.3 million of National Lottery funding to advise, support and guide other sports bodies as they create opportunities for participation by disabled people. (Sport England)

Australian Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey 2010 – 28 Jun 2011
The Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS) is a joint initiative of the Australian Sports Commission and the state and territory government agencies responsible for sport and recreation. This publication presents results from the tenth annual ERASS data collection. The ERASS collects information on the frequency, duration, nature and type of physical activities that were participated in by persons aged 15 years and over for exercise, recreation or sport during the 12 months prior to interview. (Australian Sports Commission)

Ireland’s Get Active- Stay Active Report – 4 Jul 2011
The Get Active - Stay Active Report is based on the findings of the final post project review of the impact of Sport Northern Ireland’s Community Sport Programme 2006 - 2010. More than 121,000 participants were reported as having participated over the lifetime of the programme. The site has individualised reports for children and young people, women and girls, older adults and disabled people. (Sport Northern Ireland)

Exciting designs for revamp of Flaxmere Park – 20 Jul 2011
New concept plans have been prepared for a major revamp of Flaxmere Park in Hastings. Public input has been crucial in the design of the park and the final round of consultation is about to begin. This will ensure that the changes meet the needs of the community. (Hastings District Council)

"Cork SportsAbility Day" sport is for....everyone! – 19 Jul 2011
The Cork Local Sports Partnership and the Cork SportsAbility Forum hosted Cork's 6th annual "SportsAbility Day" in the Cork Institute of Technology. The day was an outstanding success in promoting Sport and Physical Activity for people with disabilities in Cork. (Irish Sports Council)

Baby-friendly pool scheme – 7 Jul 2011
UK celebrity mum, Lisa Scott Lee, reveals how swimming helped her to not only get back into shape but also bond with her daughter and stave off the baby blues. is a website created to encourage more mums to take the plunge with their babies. (Institute for the Management of Sport and Physical Activity)


The UK Outdoor sector- a guide – 15 Jul 2011
SkillsActive, working with its Outdoor Employers' Group, has produced a new guide to the UK outdoor sector and its associated workforce development issues. The guide paints a picture of the sector, including the significant value it contributes to society, and its make-up and size. Issues faced by the sector are also discussed, with a particular focus on skills gaps, sector needs and barriers to workforce development in the outdoors. (SkillsActive)

The benefits of physical activity provided by park and recreation services: the scientific evidence - 2010
In an era in which health costs have become the biggest single expenditure in U.S. society, the central importance of physical activity in preventing and improving a wide variety of health problems is now well understood. As this has happened, public park and recreation services’ central role in promoting and providing physical activity has been increasingly documented by scientific research. Public park and recreation services are becoming part of the healthcare system of the United States and are now recognized as such. This paper explains the scientific basis for this change. (National Recreation and Park Association, US)

The influence of perceived risk on participation in outdoor education activities by pre-teenage schoolchildren in New Zealand: Perspectives from EOTC Teachers, Boards of Trustees’ Parents and Outdoor Education Providers – February 2011
Anecdotally, New Zealand parents and teachers are becoming more risk averse as a result of high profile fatalities associated with outdoor recreation. Consequently, it is important to understand how risk is perceived by parents and teachers and what influence it may be having on participation rates and programming for outdoor education. This study has provided empirical data showing that the vast majority of parents and teachers do not respond in a risk averse way as a result of high profile fatalities associated with outdoor recreation. (Auckland University of Technology)

Start Active, Stay Active – 11 July 2011
New physical activity guidelines have been issued by the four Chief Medical Officers of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They include new guidelines for early years and older people. The flexibility of the guidelines creates new ways to achieve the health benefits of an active lifestyle, while retaining a strong link to previous recommendations. (Department of Health, UK)

Practical strategies for being active outside – 30 Jun 2011
Using outdoor facilities is an excellent way to include a wider range of activities in your physical activity programming. To make planning your outdoor and off-site activities easier, here are a suggested list of things to keep in mind before you take it O-U-T-S-I-D-E!  (Ophea, Ontario)

Too many children not wearing lifejackets: boat survey results – 14 Jul 2011
The results of an annual Waikato Regional Council survey have just been released and show that too many children under 12 are still not wearing lifejackets on boats. Regional council harbourmasters and volunteer honorary enforcement officers surveyed 1,172 skippers at 30 of the region’s boat ramps between 1 January and 25 April this year. The survey can be downloaded from this site. (Waikato Regional Council)

Young People

Leaving anger on the field – 6 Jul 2011
We know that physical education teaches children about fitness and encourages them to live a healthy lifestyle. Now a Tel Aviv University researcher has statistical evidence that sports participation is also beneficial to a child’s cognitive, emotional and behavioural well-being. (American Friends of Tel Aviv University)

Reducing lifelong disability from sports injuries in children – 20 Jun 2011
Reducing lifelong disability from sports injuries in children and youth demands a public health solution similar to that used to combat smoking and drunk driving. A co-ordinated, multi-faceted approach involving awareness, education and rule changes is required. (Canadian Medical Association Journal)

Helping your child choose the right sport – 15 Jul 2011
Participating in sports and other physical activity can contribute significantly to children’s’ physical, emotional, and social development, boosting their potential to do well in school, says Butler University Professor of Physical Education Mindy Welch. But which sports programme is right for your child? "Families should evaluate a program, both prior to and periodically during participation," said Welch, who served on a National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) outreach task force. "Start with these questions from NASPE." (Butler University)

UK athletes to benefit from tutor training – 5 Jul 2011
Up to 1,500 young athletes involved in the Junior Athlete Education Academy are set to benefit after university tutors were given training in various aspects of sport science by the English Institute of Sport in Loughborough. (English Institute of Sport)

Coaching Children Curriculum - a guide for governing bodies of sport – 2011
A comprehensive yet flexible curriculum for children's coaches. It aims to support governing bodies of sport wishing to develop specialist children's coaches.  It provides up-to-date knowledge and understanding of the needs of children in, and through, sport. It is also a useful tool for coach developers and coaches alike to benchmark their practice. (Sportscoach UK)

Team pentathlon – promoting physical activity among children and adolescents – 2011
This paper describes a Canadian school-based extra-curricular intervention named Team Pentathlon, developed to promote regular physical activity (PA) among older children (10-12 years old) and adolescents. During an 8-week period, teams of students are asked to register daily the nature and the duration of all episodes of PA voluntarily performed outside physical education classes. (Physical & Health Education Academic Journal)

Sudden cardiac death in young athletes: study suggests many ECG screenings are inaccurate – 11 Jul 2011
Incidents of young athletes collapsing during sports practice due to an undiagnosed heart condition are alarming, and have led some healthcare professionals to call for mandatory electro-cardiogram (ECG) screenings before sport participation. Others, however, question the validity of such a mandate. A new study soon to be published in The Journal of Pediatrics examines the accuracy and effectiveness of pre-sport participation ECGs. (AlphaGalileo)

Rugby Boy’s fame to widen – 11 Jul 2011
‘Lachie Scrummage’ is about to become a regular in every Dunedin classroom. Until now known only as Rugby Boy, he has been coloured in and sent around the world and will soon be a temporary tattoo for every Dunedin primary school child, and have his own line of merchandise – featuring on prize rugby balls for Dunedin’s SPIN IT WIDE schools’ programme. (Dunedin City Council)

Inspirational day for stars of the future – 21 July 2011
On Saturday 16th July a group of young people with Visual Impairments (VI) participated in a multi-sports event designed to teach them new skills and also to inspire them through the power of the Olympics and Paralympics. (English Federation of Disability Sport)

Useful Weblinks

Scientists in Sport
Scientists in Sport is a schools outreach programme, inspired by the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.  It aims to inspire students to take their science studies further and consider a career in sport science. From this website can be accessed free teaching resources which will inspire students to learn about cutting-edge science in sport.

PlaySport is an educational website which allows you to search for activities based on the equipment you have, the skills you want to teach, the complexity of the game, or the space you have available. Teachers, coaches and camp counsellors can all benefit from this resource. PlaySport games encourage fun, free play while helping kids develop the skills needed to not only participate in all kinds of sports, but also to be healthy and active citizens throughout their lives.

Smartplay Medical Emergency Planning Guide for sports clubs
Sports Medicine Australia’s sports injury prevention programme, Smartplay, has updated its Medical Emergency Planning Guide. This guide is a practical resource to assist clubs to create a safe and enjoyable environment for participation in sports and physical activity. It will take clubs through a simple planning exercise (a series of critical questions) that will help develop a straightforward, effective medical emergency action sheet that will assist in saving lives.

Culture and Sport Improvement toolkit
Produced by British Local Government Improvement and Development, the Culture and Sport Improvement Toolkit has been specifically designed for (and by) the culture, sport, green space and tourism sectors. It aims to help public sector bodies and their partners develop the services provided for the community with a different role and level of resources.