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Relay - 7 March 2012

Clubs are an important part of the sport and recreation landscape. In the Active Communities Section, we include a recent British Sports Club Survey, which highlights the challenges and opportunities ahead for clubs during a time of social and economic change. We also include some local initiatives which are helping clubs to both improve revenue and to save costs. In the Useful Weblinks section, Sport New Zealand has released its web-based Club Warrant of Fitness (Club WoF) tool which will help clubs identify what, if any improvements they can make to the running of their club.

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Value of Sport and Recreation series

A comprehensive analysis of the economic and social value of sport and recreation to our society, nationally and by region. 


  • High Performance: A baseline research project has been released creating the markers for judgement about the long term legacy and impacts of the 2012 Olympic Games in London
  • Recreation: There is both national and global recognition of the value of our natural environment
  • Young People: A US study looks at how parents, faced with financial constraints, negotiate these in order to maintain sport and recreation involvement

In this Relay

High Performance Sport

Impacts and legacy of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games – January 2012
This report assesses baseline markers and conducts counterfactual (what would have happened in the absence of the Games) evaluation for the main target areas of the Olympic legacy. These include sport, economy, and community engagement. (UK Department for Culture, Media and Sport)

London 2012 Velodrome praised by world's best track cyclists – 20 Feb 2012
The London 2012 Velodrome has been praised by riders as the UCI Track Cycling World Cup concluded recently. The atmosphere created by the thousands of fans who filled the London 2012 venue was labelled “incredible” by British rider Geraint Thomas. The UCI also praised the “quality facilities”, “excellent arrangements” and “unique atmosphere” in the venue. (London 2012)

Final country joins London 2012 International Inspiration programme – 1 Feb 2012
The London 2012 Organising Committee (LOCOG) has confirmed that Egypt has joined the London 2012 legacy programme, International Inspiration, becoming the 20th and final country to do so. The news means LOCOG has kept its promise to reach 12 million children in 20 countries around the world through the ground-breaking programme, which aims to enrich the lives of young people around the world by increasing access to physical education, sport and play. (London 2012)

Discover Canada's Paralympic ‘super athletes’ – 25 Jan 2012
The Canadian Paralympic Committee has revealed the first four Paralympic athletes from winter sports to feature in a marketing campaign to promote the individuals and illustrate the highly competitive nature of the Paralympic Games. (Paralympic Movement)

World Champion All Blacks coach lends hand in lead up to London – 17 Feb 2012
Rugby World Cup-winning coach Sir Graham Henry will work with some of the country’s leading high performance coaches ahead of the London Olympic and Paralympic Games and beyond, High Performance Sport New Zealand Chief Executive Alex Baumann has announced. (High Performance Sport New Zealand)

Wellington's $94 Million Rugby World Cup Bonanza – 15 Feb 2012
Rugby World Cup 2011 injected an estimated $94 million into the Wellington region's economy. An economic impact report, prepared by research consultancy firm Angus & Associates, found the total economic contribution of Wellington's eight RWC2011 matches - six pool and two quarter finals - was just over $94 million. A total of 268,000 people attended the matches at Wellington Regional Stadium. (Wellington City Council)

Hamilton to bid for FIFA Under 20 World Cup matches – 9 Feb 2012
Hamilton will make a bid for the city to host international football matches during the 2015 FIFA Under 20 World Cup. The decision by Hamilton City Council follows strong commitment of financial and in-kind support from Hamilton and Waikato’s business and sporting communities. The business and football communities have committed to funding half the $809,000 cost of hosting up to eight matches, including a quarter-final, at Waikato Stadium as part of a Category 3 bid. (Hamilton City Council)

Sports Development

Australian Sports Commission Strategic Plan 2011–2012 to 2014–2015: Working together for Australian sport – 2011
The plan, recently tabled in the Australian Parliament, outlines the challenges facing Australian sport, the direction for the Australian Sports Commission to address these challenges, and the broad framework and strategies that will allow the Commission to meet its statutory objectives and to achieve the outcomes required by Government. (Australian Sports Commission)

Fifth World Conference on Women and Sport calls for more women in leadership roles – 19 Feb 2012
Participants in the 5th IOC World Conference on Women and Sport called on sports leaders to take a more proactive role in advancing the cause of women in and through sport. The three-day conference ended with over 800 delegates from 135 countries unanimously approving “The Los Angeles Declaration”, a series of recommendations aimed at promoting gender equality in sport and using sport as a tool to improve the lives of women around the world. (Olympic Movement)

British Rugby League commits to tackling discrimination – 9 Feb 2012
The British RFL has launched a new game wide ‘Tackle IT’ Equality and Diversity programme which aims to increase awareness of issues such as racism, homophobia and other forms of discrimination and prejudice within Rugby League. The campaign sees the RFL become the first UK sport’s governing body to produce a resource that simultaneously tackles and celebrates all six key equality strands of race, sexuality, gender, disability, age and religion. (Rugby Football League, UK)

British Football Association’s ‘Opening Doors and Joining In’ plan – 21 Feb 2012
The British Football Association has pledged to continue leading the way on tackling homophobia and transphobia within football. At a high-profile launch of the ‘Opening Doors and Joining In’ campaign at Wembley Stadium, respected names from across the football family came together.  All present confirmed their support for a drive to help lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities get actively involved without fear of discrimination or prejudice. (British Football Association)

Auckland City FC president selected for FIFA committee – 21 Feb 2012
Auckland City FC President Ivan Vuksich has been selected by world football governing body FIFA to join 27 representatives from around the globe to the new 'Working Group for the International Match Calendar' committee. (Australasian Leisure Management)

BikeNZ coach heads to new cycling role with world body – 3 Feb 2012
BikeNZ national coach Tim Carswell is to take up a new position after the London Olympics based at the home of the sport’s ruling body, the Union Cycliste Internationale. Carswell will coach at the UCI World Cycling Centre at its headquarters in Aigle, Switzerland, becoming the first New Zealander to earn a paid role with the organisation. (Endurance Sport)

Scottish Football Supporters Survey 2011/12 – Findings – 2 Feb 2012
For the second year running, the biggest survey of Scottish Football Supporters has said that Scottish football needs larger leagues, a fairer distribution of TV revenues and the creation of one voice to represent football fans. (Supporters Direct Scotland)
World Anti-Doping Agency President calls for Code support – 7 Feb 2012
WADA President John Fahey has called on anti-doping organisations worldwide to support the World Anti-Doping Code and to play an active role in the review process designed to strengthen the code and the rights of “clean athletes”. (World Anti-Doping Agency)

Sport Science, Medicine and Coaching

Testing the ethics of genetic testing in sports – 10 Jan 2012
Many genetic researchers and academics have raised questions about the scientific validity of genetic testing for athleticism, claiming they have little predictive value. Some critics have also raised another concern: Is it ethical to test people, particularly children, for athletic potential? (Canadian Medical Association Journal)

Cold-water immersion for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise – 15 Feb 2012
Many strategies are in use with the intention of preventing or minimising delayed onset muscle soreness and fatigue after exercise. Cold-water immersion, in water temperatures of less than 15°C, is currently one of the most popular interventional strategies used after exercise. This study seeks to determine the effects of cold-water immersion in the management of muscle soreness after exercise. (The Cochrane Library)

Effect of immediate and delayed cold water immersion after a high intensity exercise session on subsequent run performance – 1 Dec 2011
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of cold water immersion performed immediately or 3 hours after a high intensity interval exercise session on next-day exercise performance. (Journal of Sports Science and Medicine)

Is training intensity the real key to building muscle mass? – February 2012
This article identifies commonly used strength training systems, discusses the role of training intensity in building muscle mass and explains the link between lactate production and generating intensity. (Peak Performance)

Strength training considerations for the BMX athlete – February 2012
Bicycle motocross (BMX) racing has unique characteristics when compared with other cycling disciplines. Because of the short duration and technical demands of the sport, speed-strength, strength-speed, explosive power, and strength are important. A synopsis of the existing research, and a proposed selection and application of specific performance enhancing strength and conditioning exercises is discussed. (US National Strength and Conditioning Association)

The effect of coordination a training programme on learning tennis skills – January 2012
The aim of this study was to define which coordination abilities are the most important in tennis and to identify whether a coordination training programme will improve the learning process of tennis skills (backhand and forehand). Fifteen expert coaches in tennis completed a check list of five coordination abilities and suggested that the most important coordination abilities for tennis players are “kinaesthetic differentiation” and “reaction time”. (The Sport Journal)

Women have more knee ligament injuries than men due to geometry, not gender – 6 Feb 2012
Much orthopaedic research has been devoted to determining why women are far more susceptible to knee ligament injuries than men. According to a new study, the answer may lie in geometry, the length and shape of a patient's knee bone, more than gender. (ScienceDaily)

High prevalence of shoulder pain among elite female handball players – 4 Aug 2011
Clinical experience indicates that a substantial number of handball players may suffer from shoulder pain, but they continue to play despite having shoulder pain problems. This study evaluates the prevalence and consequences of shoulder pain problems among Norwegian female elite handball players. (Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports)

Foot and ankle structure differs between sprinters and non-sprinters – 2 Feb 2012
The skeletal structure of the foot and ankle differs significantly between sprinters and non-sprinters, according to Penn State researchers. Their findings not only help explain why some people are faster runners than others, but also may be useful in helping people who have difficulty walking, such as older adults and children with cerebral palsy. (Pennsylvania State University)

Psychological research on martial artists – 15 Feb 2012
This article examines sport psychology research on martial artists and offers some suggestions for advancing knowledge in this area of research and practice. Previous research in the field is reviewed. Additionally the authors look at the limitations of sport psychological research with regards to the experiences of women. (Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum)

Active Communities

Water Safety New Zealand 2011 Drowning Report – 25 Jan 2012
123 people drowned in New Zealand during 2011, up 41% on the previous year and the worst annual drowning toll on record since 2003. A significant 80% of those that died were men. Water Safety New Zealand say the toll is also well up on the five year average of 111 deaths by drowning per annum. (Water Safety New Zealand)

Earthquake repairs begin on Christchurch’s community facilities – 21 Feb 2012
Repairs are being carried out under the Christchurch City Council’s Facilities Rebuild project, which provides a framework for future decision making around all the buildings it owns. It is expected that repairs will be completed by the end of June. The facilities include toilet blocks and other buildings on a number of parks or reserves across Christchurch. (Christchurch City Council)

Christchurch turf-laying a great sign of progress – 10 Feb 2012
Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee has inspected construction progress at the new Christchurch Stadium, joined by members of the Crusaders rugby franchise who pitched in to help lay recycled turf harvested from AMI Stadium. (Ministry of Economic Development)

New Zealand Conference to discuss laws protecting walkers and cyclists – 20 Feb 2012
Prof Hank Weiss, of the University of Otago Injury Prevention Research Unit, will present options for 'Vulnerable Road User' laws at the national 2Walk&Cycle Conference in Hastings. Many similar laws are already enacted in other countries around the world. (Hastings District Council)

New Zealand Walking and Cycling Awards – 24 Feb 2012
Two national awards have been won by New Plymouth District Council for its efforts in promoting walking, cycling and alternative transport. The Cycle Advocacy Network and Living Streets Aotearoa have given the Council the Joint Walking and Cycling Award for the Let’s Go – Walk Ride Bus programme. (New Plymouth District Council)

Kapiti Council urges schools and sports clubs to attend sports funding forum – 24 Feb 2012
Kapiti schools and sports clubs are being encouraged to attend a sports funding forum, being held on March 2, to find out what money is on offer and how they can access it. The forum is being run by Sport Wellington, which administers the KiwiSport fund, set up in 2009 to increase the participation of school age children in sport and active recreation. (Kapiti Coast District Council)

Sports clubs save money and energy – 22 Feb 2012
Cash-strapped sports clubs are being offered the opportunity to reduce costs, save money and receive thousands of dollars’ worth of energy-saving products for free, thanks to LiteClub, a charitable programme open to sports clubs around the country. (Auckland City Council)

British Sports Club Survey 2011 – January 2012
Since 2007 the Sport and Recreation Alliance has conducted a survey every two years in order to understand the financial health, membership make-up, facility usage and upcoming opportunities and challenges for community sports clubs. The results presented in the 2011 survey are based upon responses received from 1,942 sports clubs across over 40 different sports. (Sport and Recreation Alliance)

New artificial sports field for St Patrick's College – 17 Feb 2012
The rollout of artificial sportsfields in Wellington is set to continue with Wellington City Councillors agreeing to pay half the cost of a new turf at St Patrick's College in Kilbirnie. The new all-weather sports field is a partnership project between the Council and St Patrick's, with the Council paying 50 percent of the total cost up to a maximum of $800,000. (Wellington City Council)

Riverside Sports Centre concept approved – February 2012
The concept design for the Riverside Sports Centre has been approved by Ashburton District Council. It features a ten lane 25m competition pool, leisure and learn to swim pools and two hydro-slides. The indoor stadium component features four competition sized indoor courts.  Also proposed are a fitness centre and a district sports administration centre. (Ashburton District Council)


Otago Central Rail Trail Plan for the Future 2012 - 2022 – January 2012
The Otago Central Rail Trail is a significant recreational and tourism asset that has important conservation and heritage values. Its value to Central Otago is considerable. Developing a long term plan that has a well-coordinated approach, a common vision and goals is now essential if the Rail Trail is to meet the challenges and opportunities of the future.  (Central Otago District Council)

The impact of climate variability on tourism businesses and tourism infrastructure providers in Glacier Country – January 2012
This report summarises the findings from 24 interviews with tourist operators and infrastructure providers in Glacier Country on the West Coast of New Zealand’s South Island. The interviews explored the ways in which tourism businesses and infrastructure providers in Glacier Country currently deal with, and/or plan for, climate variability, extreme weather events  and predicted longer term climate changes. (Lincoln University)

Major project to rejuvenate Abel Tasman National Park ecology – 21 Feb 2012
An extensive 30-year multi-million dollar project to restore Abel Tasman National Park's natural ecology is being launched with initial funding from a private family trust. The far-reaching ecological project aims to enhance native forest and wildlife over close to 80% of the 22,500-hectare park by 2042, the 100th anniversary of the park and the 400th anniversary of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman finding New Zealand. (Department of Conservation)

Enhanced Access Fund invites applications – 2 Feb 2012
Organisations and individuals undertaking projects to enhance access to the outdoors can now apply for funding through the 2012 round of the New Zealand Walking Access Commission’s Enhanced Access Fund. Up to $230,000 is available, with a maximum grant of $50,000 possible to any one organisation. (New Zealand Walking Access Commission)

Financing the future: the critical role of US parks in urban and metropolitan infrastructure – 21 Feb 2012
This report analyses discussion from a recent roundtable of national experts including park directors, mayors, and urban planners who examined the role and impact of parks and recreation in America's cities, counties and urban metropolitan areas as these traditional public services continue to face financial constraints and an ever-changing social landscape of contemporary America. (National Recreation and Park Association US)

Scottish Natural Heritage Strategy and Priorities 2012 to 2015 – January 2012
Over the next five years Scottish Natural Heritage’s (SNH) ambition is that Scotland's natural assets will generate wealth for all, sustaining and improving health, lifestyles and culture. This document summarises ambitions for Scotland's natural assets, highlighting how SNH will work with others to achieve them.  (Scottish Natural Heritage)

Young People

Strategies used by parents in order to negotiate constraints acting upon their children’s sport and recreation activity involvement – November 2011
Many parents have encountered constraints with regard to maintaining recreational opportunities for their children during a climate of economic uncertainty. The purpose of this study was to investigate how parents negotiated perceived financial constraints so that their children could begin or maintain participation in various recreational activities as well as their motivations for negotiating these constraints. (Physical & Health Education Academic Journal)

Competitive soccer linked to increased injuries and menstrual dysfunction in girls – 7 Feb 2012
New research has found that despite reporting appropriate body perception and attitudes toward eating, elite female youth soccer athletes face an increased risk for delayed or irregular menstruation. In addition, female soccer players are more likely to suffer a stress fracture or ligament injury. (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Shaping neighbourhoods: children and young people’s play and informal recreation – February 2012
The Mayor of London has released this draft revised planning guidance for outdoor play, showing that London’s decision-makers continue to take seriously the play needs of the capital’s children and young people. (Greater London Authority)

Children’s views about the meanings of play – February 2012
Recently, there has been much discussion and research regarding children’s play activities and the significance of play. This article shed light on children’s views about play, with a particular focus on what children themselves think about play activities and meanings of play. (Alberta Centre for Active Living)

Bikeability Scotland – 20 Feb 2012
A scheme called Bikeability Scotland aims to make young people safer on the roads. The new cycling proficiency test is a three level cycle training programme designed to give children road skills on their bikes. The programme relies on local volunteers to help deliver the six-week training to pupils across Scotland. (Cycling Scotland)

English youth football centre on the agenda at Global Sports Forum – 27 Jan 2012
The highly-anticipated National Football Centre is set to become the home of English football development. The aim is for the centre to provide a world-class training and education facility for England teams at every age level. (SportBusiness)

British Trust creates exercise science legacy – 10 Feb 2012
Pupils at every school and college across the UK will get the opportunity to learn how their bodies work during exercise, movement and rest with free experiment kits from the Wellcome Trust’s In the Zone initiative, inspired by the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. (English Institute of Sport)

Mission unveiled to build a new team of Young Leaders for Glasgow 2014 and for Scotland – 3 Feb 2012
Over 1,000 pupils and students the length and breadth of Scotland are gearing up to be part of the ground-breaking Lead 2014 youth leadership and volunteering campaign ahead of the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games. The programme will inspire hundreds of secondary school pupils and university students to use sport as the springboard to hone and develop their leadership skills. (sportscotland)

Useful Weblinks

Club Warrant of Fitness
Sport New Zealand has released its Club Warrant of Fitness (Club WoF) tool, an easy to use web-based self-assessment tool designed to help sport and recreation clubs in New Zealand identify their strengths and weaknesses and give them feedback on how they can improve the way their club runs. The tool looks at club leadership, planning, customer focus, sport delivery, people management and sport management. 

Park Science
Park Science is a research and resource management bulletin of the U.S. National Park Service that reports the implications of recent and ongoing natural and social science and related cultural research for park planning, management, and policy.

Employment after elite sport
The Olympic Movement’s Employment Pillar is designed to provide support to elite athletes with their transition to the labour market.