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Relay - 8 November 2011

In this edition. The social and economic benefits of sport and recreation are often extolled, but only recently have they begun to be seriously measured. That makes the publication of SPARC’s landmark study, the Value of Sport and Recreation in New Zealand, an important addition to this growing body of knowledge gathered internationally.

Other highlights:

  • High Performance: The 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics are targeting a surplus on the tournament of US$300 million;
  • Sport Science: Sprinter Usain Bolt’s extraordinary performance has been analysed for the first time using laser technology;
  • Young People: Research from the Auckland University of Technology examines the impact of adult coach, parent and spectator behaviour on childrens’ sports enjoyment and performance;
  • Useful weblinks: Surfers and beach users can keep abreast of impacts of the oil spill from the container ship Rena on the New Zealand Recreation Association website.

In this Relay

SPARC

Value of Sport and Recreation series – October 2011
In this resource are several SPARC-commissioned publications on the value of sport and recreation in New Zealand and links to leading international work in the area. Among the focused information are two standout pieces: a comprehensive analysis of the economic and social value of sport and recreation to New Zealand society; and a detailed case study of the community values generated by a sport and recreation club. (SPARC)

See also examples of similar work from England, Australia, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Canada.

High Performance Sport

The biggest international hockey event for 2011 is coming to New Zealand – 13 Sep 2011
New Zealand has won the rights to host hockey’s premier international annual event – the FIH 2011 Men’s Champions Trophy, which will see the world’s top eight teams compete in Auckland from 3-11 December. With a cumulative television audience estimated at 38 million, it is the first time that New Zealand has held an international hockey event of this scale. (Hockey New Zealand)

World Cup shows rugby is our ‘surrogate religion’ – 29 Sep 2011
A Massey University religious historian says the hype and intensity surrounding the Rugby World Cup proves the game is still a surrogate religion in New Zealand. Professor Peter Lineham has researched and written extensively on the link between sport and religion, arguing that “the symbolic place of sport in New Zealand society is not dissimilar to that occupied by religion in the past.” (Massey University)

Sochi 2014 organisers target surplus of $300 million – 14 Oct 2011
Sochi 2014 chief Dmitry Chernyshenko has revealed that organisers of the event are targeting a surplus of more than US$300 million from the Winter Olympics as they bid to expand the commercial portfolio for the Games. (SportBusiness)

IPC reveals shortlist for Best Female Athlete Award – 17 Oct 2011
Five Paralympic superstars have been named finalists for the Best Female Athlete Category for the International Paralympic Committee’s (IPC) 2011 Paralympic Sport Awards, proudly partnered by the IPC’s International Partner, Allianz. The award will be presented by the IPC to the top female athlete for her accomplishments at the Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Games. (Paralympic Movement)

‘Win Clean: Say No to Doping’ launched for London 2012 – 12 Oct 2011
Athletes who might consider doping at the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics were warned in no uncertain terms at the launch of the ‘Win Clean: Say No to Doping’ campaign in London. The initiative is a partnership between UK Anti-Doping, the London Organising Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the UK Department of Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport, and the World Anti-Doping Agency. (World Anti-Doping Agency)

IOC Athletes’ Forum ends with calls for tough action on doping and tighter control of entourages – 11 Oct 2011
The 5th International Athletes’ Forum ended in Colorado Springs with a series of strong recommendations for the International Olympic Committee to take action in a number of areas affecting athletes. In the presence of the IOC President Jacques Rogge, eight separate working groups made a series of recommendations. (Olympic Movement)

NZOC statement regarding the rejection of anti-doping eligibility clause – 6 Oct 2011
The New Zealand Olympic Committee released a statement following the Court of Arbitration for Sport’s rejection of the IOC’s Rule 45 which ruled athletes ineligible to compete in the next Olympic Games following a six month or greater suspension for an anti-doping violation. (New Zealand Olympic Committee)

Boxing hit by London 2012 corruption scandal – 26 Sept 2011
The International Boxing Association has been rocked to the core after BBC Newsnight alleged that it has uncovered evidence of secret payments of millions of dollars from Azerbaijan in exchange for two boxing Olympic gold medals at the London 2012 Olympics. (Sport Digest)

IRB & United Nations World Food Programme reaffirm "Tackle Hunger" campaign during Rugby World Cup 2011 – 7 Oct 2011
Rugby World Cup 2011 in New Zealand is set to boost support for the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) following the extension of the successful Tackle Hunger campaign by the International Rugby Board and WFP. The Rugby World Cup 2011 activation builds on the tremendous success of the campaign at previous tournaments in Australia and France and is raising awareness through a combination of in-stadium visibility - advertising boards, programme adverts and public service videos being shown in stadia, at RWC Fanzones, online and via tournament broadcasters - with an estimated cumulative global audience of over four billion people. (United Nations)

Sports Development

Football governance: UK Government response to the Culture, Media and Sport Committee Inquiry – 12 Oct 2011
The British Government has issued its response to the recent Football Governance Inquiry, undertaken by the Select Committee for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. See the inquiry report. (UK Department for Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee)

British coaching workforce survey 2010 results launched – 6 Oct 2011
Coaches are well educated, well-motivated and often work voluntarily, according to a new survey carried out by Sport Northern Ireland in partnership with the Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure, SkillsActive, Volunteer Now and Coaching Ireland. Full survey report (PDF). (SkillsActive)

Study backs $103m bill for rain-hit sports fields – 26 Sep 2011
Auckland's 20 per cent cancellation rate for winter sports games because of water-logged fields has led to a call for a $103 million boost to field improvements over the next decade. A regional sports-field supply-and-demand study for 10 years ahead predicts greater closures of sports fields - especially for training - hitting players of football, rugby league and rugby. (Weather Watch)

Drug use not widespread amongst elite Australian athletes – 12 Oct 2011
A new study has found that recreational drug use is not common among elite Australian athletes. Only eight per cent of elite athletes reported using illicit drugs, such as ecstasy, cocaine, cannabis, meth/amphetamine, GHB or ketamine, when surveyed for the study conducted by Deakin University public health expert Matthew Dunn and the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. (Deakin University)

‘What do women want?’ A multi-sport analysis of female fans – 2011
This paper examines female sports fandom, a much neglected research area despite the major economic and social benefits associated with female sports fans. The project aimed at addressing this 'gap' in existing research by investigating and suggesting some answers to the following question: "When it comes to sports fandom, what do women want?!" The research adopted an innovative multi-sport, multi-regional approach by analysing eight different sports across five different countries to provide a snapshot of how these sports address their female fans. (International Centre for Sports Studies)

Women the focus of UK Sport's 6th ICES Webinar – 14 Oct 2011
A webinar hosted by UK Sport brought together experts in women’s rights, gender issues and community sport to highlight common barriers women face in becoming community coaches. (International Platform on Sport & Development)

Triathlon World Cup needs volunteer support – 18 Oct 2011
Hot on the heels of the Rugby World Cup, Auckland City will host yet another international event on the newly developed waterfront when the Barfoot & Thompson ITU Triathlon World Cup comes to town on November 20 and the organisers are on the search for a volunteer workforce to help run a successful event. (Endurance Sport New Zealand)

Sport Science, Medicine and Coaching

Research team uses laser technology to analyse Usain Bolt’s speed at Van Damme Memorial – 21 Sep 2011
A team from the Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science at a Belgian university have used advanced laser technology to measure and analyse Olympic Champion Usain Bolt's speed during his 9.76-second performance in the 100 metre sprint at the Van Damme Memorial on 16 September. It was the first time this technology has been used to analyse Bolt in competition. The new data will provide insights into improving the training regimens of world-class sprinters. (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)

Body image disturbances in NCAA Division I and III female athletes – October 2011
This study examined and compared eating characteristics and body image disturbances in female National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III athletes in the mainstream sports of basketball, softball, track/cross country, volleyball, soccer, tennis, swimming/diving, and ice hockey. The results indicate that athletes in refereed female sports are at risk for eating disorders, and that body image risk factors vary between NCAA competition divisions. This research provides sport professionals with a better understanding of risk factors influencing the prevalence of eating disorders between female athletes’ divisional competition levels. (The Sport Journal)

Food-dependent, exercise-induced gastrointestinal distress – 28 Sep 2011
Among athletes strenuous exercise, dehydration and gastric emptying delay are the main causes of gastrointestinal complaints, whereas gut ischemia is the main cause of their nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and (blood) diarrhoea. Additionally any factor that limits sweat evaporation, such as a hot and humid environment and/or body dehydration, has profound effects on muscle glycogen depletion and risk for heat illness. On the other hand, in order to prevent hypernatremia, avoiding over hydration is recommended. Caregiver's responsibility would be to inform athletes about potential dangers of drinking too much water and also advise them to refrain from using hypertonic fluid replacements. (Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition)

To eat or not to eat: the truth behind exercising on an empty stomach – October 2011
The reality is that whether you are looking to manage weight or maximise athletic performance, the key is in balancing both diet and exercise, especially when fuelling with food before a workout.  (National Strength and Conditioning Association)

Top 10 nutrition tips to help marathon runners cross the finish line – 6 Oct 2011
Loyola University Health System registered dietician Brooke Schantz offers the top 10 nutrition tips marathon runners can follow to help them cross the finish line. (Newswise)

Sports nutrition: strengthening your immune system – October 2011
You can follow all the fancy training programmes and take all the exotic supplements you want, but if you’re laid up with coughs, colds and flu each winter, you’re never going to reap the rewards of all that hard training. But the good news is that with the right nutritional foundations in place, you can defend yourself. (Peak Performance)

Expressing emotions may give college football players mental edge – 5 Oct 2011
Although college football players feel pressure to conform to some male stereotypes, players who display physical affection toward their teammates are happier, according to new research. The findings were reported in a special section of Psychology of Men & Masculinity, published by the American Psychological Association. (Medical News Today)

Evaluation of the injured runner: developing the clinical hypothesis – 20 May 2011
The etiology of running injuries is multifactorial in nature. These factors can be simplified into those related to structure, mechanics and dosage. In order to fully understand the cause of an injury, one must carefully assess each of these factors. This presentation will review the important components of an evaluation of an injured runner, as well as the development of the clinical hypothesis. The presentation will end with a case study, which will reinforce these concepts. (Journal of Foot and Ankle Research)

Pushing the limits of performance – 17 Oct 2011
Deceiving the brain can lead to an improvement of up to 5% in sporting performance, according to research from Northumbria University. In a research project, trained cyclists were asked to race against an avatar on a computer screen which they believed was moving at the rate of the cyclist’s personal best. However, the avatar was actually going at a speed one per cent faster than the cyclist’s fastest time. Despite this, the cyclists, who could also see themselves as an avatar cycling the virtual course, were able to match their opponent, going faster than they ever had before. (Northumbria University)

Active Communities

This cultural and sporting life: the Taking Part 2010/11 adult and child report – 29 Sep 2011
The latest data from the British 2010/11 Taking Part survey provides reliable national estimates of adult and child engagement with sport, libraries, the arts, heritage and museums & galleries. This release builds on the first release of data from 2010/11 to look at a number of areas in depth and present measures that begin to consider broader definitions of participation. The August data can be found here. (UK Department for Culture, Media and Sport)

Sport Makers: be a sporting hero – 11 Oct 2011
Five-time Olympic Gold medalist, Sir Steve Redgrave, has unveiled a new way for people to become sporting heroes in their local community. Sport Makers aims to inspire over 40,000 people to get involved, with each of them spending at least 10 hours organising or leading sporting activities. (Sport England)

San Francisco Recreation and Parks Department launches park-to-park bike rental system – 11 Oct 2011
San Franciscans hungry for the arrival of a public bike-share system next spring can now get an appetiser with the launch of a new park-to-park bike rental concession linking popular recreational destinations throughout the city. (Streetsblog San Francisco)

Seniors Have-a-Go Day 2011 – 18 Oct 2011
The Seniors Recreation Council of Western Australia holds an annual Have-a-Go Day, a free event that invites over 45s to try a range of sporting and recreation activities, then hopefully go on to join a sport or recreation club. It also provides a large range of displays that present information on a wide range of topics and interests. (Department of Sport and Recreation, WA)

Recreation

An assessment of the whitewater recreational values of West Coast rivers: whitewater kayaking – 2011
This report provides a data resource for decision makers in areas of the West Coast where whitewater kayaking occurs. The research shows that, as a whole, the rivers of the West Coast region are the most highly valued in New Zealand and amongst the most highly valued in the world by whitewater kayakers. The full research paper can be downloaded from this site. (Lincoln University)

Promoting green space in Stoke-on-Trent – 16 Sep 2011
Natural England commissioned this research to explore people’s engagement with green spaces and how to most effectively encourage connection with nature in urban greenspace. Recent work has highlighted the public health importance of local and neighbourhood green space in deprived urban areas; those areas in which health and social need are often greatest, but where green space tends to be of poor quality and under-used. The full research paper can be downloaded from this site. (Natural England)

Feedback sought on Draft Central Otago Outdoor Recreation Strategy 2011-2021 – 23 Sep 2011
Central Otago is a premier area for New Zealand outdoor activities. After extensive discussions with stakeholders including sporting groups, government agencies and landowners, Central Otago has a draft of its first Outdoor Recreation Strategy. Submissions close on 11 November 2011. View full strategy. You will need to scroll down the page to find it. (Central Otago District Council)

Mountain bikers enjoy Heaphy Track – 11 Oct 2011
Mountain bikers have been enthusiastic about the first trial winter-season mountain biking on the Heaphy Track with more than 1700 estimated to have ridden on it over the five-month period. Mountain bikers either rode the entire 78-kilometre track or went part-way. The vast majority of riders - around 85 per cent - were New Zealanders. (Department of Conservation)

Construction begins on next part of cycleway – 7 Oct 2011
Construction on another link in a trail that will eventually see people able to cycle from Queenstown to Gibbston is to begin soon. (Queenstown Lakes District Council)

Lifejackets essential for safe summer boating – 14 Oct 2011
As the summer boating season is set to kick off, Waikato Regional Council is reminding boaties about the need to carry enough lifejackets for everyone on board. A survey last summer of 1172 vessel users at 30 boat ramps across the Waikato – mostly on the Coromandel Coast – showed more than five per cent still weren’t following the requirement to have enough lifejackets for everyone on board. (Waikato Regional Council)

Young People

Enjoying the outdoors – attitudes and behaviour of young people in Scotland – 4 Oct 2011
Most young Scots enjoy spending time outdoors and many would like to do it more often. The outdoors provides young people with the opportunity to have fun and spend time with their friends. Taking part in outdoor activities can also boost their sense of achievement and adventure, says a new report published by Scottish Natural Heritage. The study shows that 84% of young people between the ages of 11 and 17 like to spend some time outdoors every week while 69% say they'd like to spend even more time outdoors. (Scottish Natural Heritage)

Whose game are we playing? A study of the effects of adult involvement on children participating in organised team sports – 2011
Using a scientifically robust epidemiological design and observation instrument, a key aim of this research was to benchmark the prevalence of various coaching behaviours at children’s (aged 6 to 11 years) events for four major sports (rugby union, touch rugby, soccer, and netball). Using a mixed-methods approach, the research also gives voice to sporting administrators, parents, children, referees/umpires, and coaches about the effects of parental behaviours at children’s sporting fixtures. (Auckland University of Technology)

Adolescent girls' and parents' views on recruiting and retaining girls into an after-school dance intervention: implications for extra-curricular physical activity provision – 23 Aug 2011
Many adolescents are not sufficiently active and girls are less active than boys. Physical activity interventions delivered during curriculum time have reported weak effects. More sustained changes in physical activity may be obtained by facilitating participation in enjoyable activities. Dance is the favourite activity of UK girls but there is a shortage of dance provision. Dance sessions delivered after the school day could prove to be an effective means of engaging adolescent girls in physical activity. There is a lack of information about the factors that would affect girls' recruitment and retention in an after-school dance programme. (International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity)

Activ8 Young Leaders getting active – 6 Oct 2011
With the Olympics just around the corner, Sport Northern Ireland is signing up a squad of Olympic Advocates as part of a project aiming to get everybody in Northern Ireland more active. The Activ8 Young Leaders pilot project is appointing 35 young “sports advocates” from five different schools in Northern Ireland with the chance to develop their leadership skills and pass these on, along with their enthusiasm for sport, to the rest of the school. (Sport Northern Ireland)

National Scottish gymnastics programme 'GymPlay' launched – 11 Oct 2011
A major new national gymnastics programme, developed by Scottish Gymnastics and designed to improve health through participation in physical activity from an early age has been launched in Edinburgh. The 'GymPlay' programme, which is designed to help develop the basic movement patterns of everyday life among three to five year-olds will be rolled out across Scotland. (Sportscotland)

London 2012 education resources launched for schools around the world – 30 Sep 2011
School children and teachers are set to benefit from new London 2012 education resources launched recently.  They provide London 2012 Games information, activity ideas and images to encourage young people to learn about, discuss and take part in projects related to the Olympic and Paralympic Games. (London 2012)

Useful Weblinks

New Zealand Recreation Association
This site contains notifications of beach closures in the Bay of Plenty, from Geoff Canham, Chairman of the New Zealand Recreation Association, Central Region, and links to official media releases.

Positive or pointless: Queensland Junior Clubs resource page
If we want our kids to keep participating in physical activities, it is essential that their experience in junior sport is positive and fun. Children, parents, spectators, officials, coaches and volunteers all have an important role to play in making sure junior sporting environments are safe, fun and inclusive. The ‘Positive or it’s Pointless’ campaign aims to reduce poor and unacceptable player, spectator and parent behaviour. The Queensland Government has provided access to free resources and online training opportunities.

Olympic elite athlete education
As an elite athlete, it is sometimes difficult to be able to manage education and study whilst training and competing. Visit this site provided by the Olympic Movement to read some advice on how to successfully combine sport and studies, including academic counselling, distance education and e-learning.

Community Research
Community Research gathers research about New Zealand’s tangata whenua, community and voluntary sector, shares it with a broader audience, creates a virtual hub for researchers, iwi and community organisations to share their ideas, and advocates good methods in community research.